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Menopause marks a significant phase of a woman’s life, as your periods and reproductive season come to an end.1

Causes of postmenopausal bleeding2

Risks associated with postmenopause

Studies show that women who develop menopause at a later age usually have higher hormone levels.3 When this happens, they have an increased risk of developing breast and endometrial carcinomas, which is the most common type of cancer.3, 4, 5

Breast and endometrial cancer2

Women with breast cancer are at risk of developing endometrial cancer, especially if tamoxifen has been used as a long-term treatment. If postmenopausal bleeding occurs while on this treatment, seek medical help urgently. Your doctor may recommend a hysteroscopy with biopsy screen. A transvaginal ultrasound scan is only recommended for women with breast cancer, experiencing postmenopausal bleeding and who aren’t using tamoxifen.